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cimbalom, fancy stringed instrument of the dulcimer household used in little music ensembles by main European Roma (Gypsies). The instrument has actually a trapezoidal body the stands on 4 legs. It has actually a chromatic range of four octaves and, unlike other dulcimers, a pedal device for damping the strings. The cimbalom has around 125 steel strings, with 3 to 5 strings per note. Few of the strings have two or 3 bridges along their length. The musician, who plays in a sit position, strikes the strings with two small, spoon-shaped wooden hammers, one hosted in every hand. The hammers room covered v either tough or soft leather, relying on the tone top quality desired.
Related to the center Eastern sanṭūr and the German Hackbrett, the cimbalom to be played in Hungary by the 16th century. Portable people cimbalom the older origins are played in the rural locations of Hungary, with very closely related forms discovered in Romania, Greece, Poland, Latvia, Lithuania, and Estonia. The portable version of the cimbalom is strapped across the player’s shoulders, and the demonstrate stands when playing.
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The modern-day cimbalom was invented in Budapest around 1870 through Jozsef Schunda. Some two decades later it to be proclaimed the nationwide instrument of Hungary, and also by 1897 process in cimbalom accuse were available at the Budapest Academy of Music. Franz Liszt presented the cimbalom as an orchestral tool in his Ungarischer Sturmmarsch (1876), and it was later on used by Igor Stravinsky in Le Renard (1916) and Ragtime (1918) and by Zoltán Kodály in Háry János (1926).