Is it because it only has 1 and itself that way, even though it"s even? Check it out on this excellent incubadoradeartistas.com page one-fourth from the bottom.

You are watching: Is 2 the only even prime number

*Why is two the only even $($binary$)$ number that is prime?*

For the same reason that three is the only ternary number that is prime. Which is the same reason for which five is the only quinary number that is prime. Etc.

Because every even number other than

**2**is

**obviously divisible by 2**and so by definition cannot be prime.

A (positive) even number is some number $n$ such that $n = 2 \cdot k$ for some (positive) integer $k$. A prime number has only itself and $1$ as (positive) divisors.

What happens if $n \not = 2$ in our definition of even numbers?

Pick a prime $p$. Call a number $n$ $p$-divisible if $p\mid n$. Then $p$ is the only $p$-divisible prime, trivially. In particular, $2$ is the only $2$-divisible, or even, prime.

In the integers, $-2$ is another even prime.

For variety, in the Gaussian integers, $2$ is not prime: e.g. factors as $(1+i)(1-i)$. The even primes of the Gaussian integers are $\pm 1 \pm i$, although these are all the "same" prime in the same sense that in the integers, $2$ and $-2$ are the "same" prime.

(I define "even" in a number field to be equivalent to its norm being even)

In the ring of all rational numbers with odd denominator, $2/7$ is an even prime. In fact, $2/n$ is prime for every odd integer $n$. (but again, these are all the "same" prime)

There are also number rings that have distinct even primes that are not the "same" in the sense implied above.

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answered Nov 3 "14 at 2:00

user14972user14972

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A prime number is such that it is divisible by

*only*itself and one. Including 1 as a prime number would violate the fundamental theory of arithmetic, so in modern incubadoradeartistas.comematics it is excluded. Two is a prime because it is divisible by only two and one. All the other even numbers are not prime because they are all divisible by two. That leaves only the odd numbers. Of course, not all odd numbers are prime (e.g. nine is divisible by three).

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answered Jan 28 "15 at 8:36

Michael LeeMichael Lee

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The word prime comes from the Latin word

*primus*which means "first." Two (2) is the first even number. In other words, it starts all the even numbers. There is more than one odd prime number because odd numbers are never divisible by 2.

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answered Mar 26 "17 at 0:32

Carly Brooke SteffenCarly Brooke Steffen

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The number $2$ has only two whole number factors, $1$ and itself. That"s pretty much it after this: The other numbers that are even up from two are all divisible by that number in some way. This is also known as the "oddest prime" because it"s the only prime number that"s even, so it"s also known as the odd one out. I guess now that that"s pretty much it going to the question about why this can happen.

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answered Nov 3 "14 at 1:45

incubadoradeartistas.comsterincubadoradeartistas.comster

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