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For the first time, william Shakespeare’s critical play, The Tempest, is performed. The year is 1611. Just a year earlier, Henry IV of France to be assassinatedby François Ravaillac. 1611 too, is most likely the year in whichthe real-life d’Artagnan, otherwise well-known asCharles Ogier de Batz de Castelmore, Comte d’Artagnan, to be born (though no one is quite sure!).
Statue the d’Artagnan in Maastricht
Alexandre Dumas, d’Artagnan & the 3 Musketeers
For those who flourished up in a French-speaking family members like myself, the story that d’Artagnan and also The three Musketeers likely needs no introduction. After all, one of the best books around France comes in the form of the historical adventure novel through Alexandre Dumas, published in 1844.
Featuring themes that friendship, love, betrayal, and also several plot twists, the book follows the plucky d’Artagnan as he pipeline the house he flourished up in for life in the huge city. Follow me the way, he quickly becomes firm friends with three of the many prestigious Musketeers of the guard, Porthos, Athos, and also Aramis.
A explicate of d’Artagnan and also the 3 Musketeers in 1898, via Wikipedia
However, what you may not know is the d’Artagnan was a genuine person, and he died in the Franco-Dutch war in the historical city the Maastricht. The Musketeers of the safety (in French,Mousquetaires de la garde) also existed and additionally known as the King’s Musketeers. Created in 1622, this team was only disbanded in 1816, part years after ~ the French Revolution.
Porthos, Athos, and Aramis were additionally real people, though their characters areveryloosely based on real-life. Conversely, Athos is based onArmandde Sillègue d’Athos d’Autevielle, Porthos is based onIsaac de Porthau, and Aramis isbased top top Henri d’Aramitz.
In search of the real-life d’Artagnan
Charles Ogier de Batz de Castelmore to be born at some time around 1611 in a tiny village referred to as Lupiac in the Gers (Gascony) an ar of south West France. Today, there’s a small museum in Lupiac committed to d’Artagnan and a neighborhood festival celebrate the musketeers is held on an yearly basis.
By the 1630s, d’Artagnan had moved come Paris and had regulated to sign up with the Musketeers more than likely with the help of his Uncle,Henri de Montesquiou. Throughout his time in the city, he took pleasure in a career in espionage, acting for Cardinal Mazarin.
His competence and also secrecy soon recorded the fist of King of the time, luigi XIV(also known as ‘The sun King’ and best-known together the ruler who madethePalace the Versailleswhat that is today)and he shortly embarked top top several covert missions because that the King.
A explicate of d’Artagnan inGatien Courtilz de Sandras’ fictionalised tale.Image via Wikipedia
On the third of April 1659, d’Artagnan married anne Charlotte de Champlecy, Dame de Sainte-Croix. In time, the couple had 2 sons who additionally went on to become musketeers. Sadly, the was no to last, and also by 1965, the couple had separated, perhaps because of d’Artagnan constantly far at work.
Anne Charlotte de Champlecy moved to the Château de Sainte-Croix, where she was to invest the rest of her days.The pair married in the Church that Saint-André des Arts, an ecclesiastical building that to be demolished in Parid throughout 1815. Now, you’ll uncover Place Saint-André-des-Arts in the place.
The church that Saint-André des Arts, prior to its demolition in 1815. Via Wikipedia
D’Artagnan and also the sunlight King (Louis XIV) Connection
Following the fail of his marriage, d’Artagnan focused on his career together a soldier, rising up the ranks and also eventually finding himself working straight for luigi XIV. D’Artagnan came to be infamous transparent France in connection with the arrest that Nicolas Fouquet.
For those no in the know, Fouquet was the Superintendent of Finances in France. He was a an excellent lover that architecture and his greatest commission, Château de Vaux le Vicomte was most likely the very first great Baroque French creation, bringing with each other the best designers and also architects of the era. However, louis XIV, King of the time, soon flourished jealous that Fouquet, confiscated his castle, and threw him in jail for the stayed of his life.
Château de Vaux le Vicomte; d’Artagnan was critical in the arrest of Nicolas Fouquet, the mansion’s very first owner
By 1667, d’Artagnan was supported to the place of Captain-Lieutenant that the Musketeers, an interpretation that he was in effect, second in command just to the King. ~ a short stint as branch of Lille (reports suggest that he was pretty unpopular), he returned to the battlefield. And also so, d’Artagnan join the Franco-Dutch battle in the 1670s.
At the period of aroundsixty, perhaps sixty-two, the real-life d’Artagnan passed away while besieging the wall surfaces of the netherlands city that Maastricht. The year was 1673 and it’s assumed that d’Artagnan died after gift shot through a musket ball.His final resting place is unknown yet is most likely somewhere in the ramparts that maze their method beneath Maastricht. However, part theories indicate that d’Artagnan might well it is in in the St. Peter and Paul church in Wolder
The fictitious d’Artagnan
Contrary to what you may think, the first time that the life ofCharles Ogier de Batz de Castelmore, Comte d’Artagnan to be fictionalised was not in Dumas’ novel, but was, in fact, at some point earlier. TheMemoires de Monsieur d’Artagnan(a semi-true-to-life biography)was created by Gatien Courtilz de Sandras in 1700 and later served to it is in the inspiration for Dumas’ relenten of the man.
Now, you have the right to visit numerous of the locations that the real-life d’Artagnan frequented, or at the very least do a expedition to, throughout his lifetime. For example, the tunnels the Maastricht room a great place come learn much more about the Franco-Dutch battle while taking a literal meaning walk with history.
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Known officially together theKazematten Waldeck Maastricht Underground these tunnels were constructed between1575 en 1825 and have served all type of objectives over the years. Originally developed to serve as a defence system for the city (as castle would have been throughout d’Artagnan’s time), the tunnels have because served as an waiting raid shelter, and also even a location where publicans stored your beer! Today, you can visit the Casemates via guided tour.
Sources: www.association-dartagnan.fr,https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_de_Batz_de_Castelmore_d%27Artagnan, ours tour overview in the tunnels the Maastricht!