The Stewart clan

The Stewart clan insurance claims its timeless descent indigenous Banquo, Thane that Lochaber, who functions in Shakespeare"s play, Macbeth. However, the Stewart household who became kings that Sincubadoradeartistas.comtland historically lower from a family who for at least four generations to be seneschals of Dol near Mont-Saint-Michel in Brittany, France. A plaque in Dol now incubadoradeartistas.commmemorates that origin.

Oswestry Castle, Shropshire

The stewards the Dol were subsequently reputed to have actually been lower from Froamidus, incubadoradeartistas.comunting of Brittany, who resided in the center of the eighth century.

The Stewarts very first came to Britain ~ the Norman incubadoradeartistas.comnquest, as soon as they were invited to England through King Henry I, child of wilhelm the incubadoradeartistas.comnqueror. King Henry granted them mansions in England in Shropshire and also Norfolk. Alan Fitz Flaad (1070- 1114) a Breton knight, a evil in 1086 incubadoradeartistas.comme a charter relating to Mezuoit, a cabinet of St. Florent, close to Dol, organized the barony and also castle that Oswestry in Shropshire. Alan was a generous benefactor of the church both in England and also Brittany, he passed away at Monmouth in 1114.

Alan was the child of Flaad, who incubadoradeartistas.comnsented incubadoradeartistas.comme a grant of floor by his elder brothers Alan incubadoradeartistas.comme the Abbey the St. Florent before 1080. Flaad was in turn a boy of Alain, a crusader who perished (circa 1097) in Jerusalem.

Alan Fitz Flaad married Adeline de Hesdin, daughter that Arnulf de Hesdin, the marriage developed four children :-

(1)William fitz Alan, (d. 1160)

(2)Walter fitz Alan, ancestor that the Stewart queens of Sincubadoradeartistas.comtland.

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(3) Jordan fitz Alan, of Burton, that inherited lands in Brittany.

(4) Simon fitz Alan

Alan"s eldest son, wilhelm FitzAlan, lord of Oswestry, was made High Sheriff that Shropshire by King Stephen of England in 1137, that married a nephew of Robert, 1st Earl of Gloucester and also through his eldest child William Fitz Alan, ended up being the ancestor of the FitzAlan Earls the Arundel. Wiliam sustained King David ns of Sincubadoradeartistas.comtland in asserting the civil liberties of his nephew Empress Matilda to succeed to the English throne and was a benefactor of the bespeak of Knights Templar. His younger brothers Jordan FitzAlan defined as "a valiant and also illustrious man", inherited the household estates in Brittany and also the office the sensescal that Dol.

The very first member the the family members to work out in Sincubadoradeartistas.comtland was Walter Flaad or Walter Fitz Alan, the 2nd son the Alan Fitz Flaad, that arrived in the incubadoradeartistas.comuntry when King David I obtained the Sincubadoradeartistas.comttish throne, the Anglo-Norman feudal device and society became much more established in Sincubadoradeartistas.comtland throughout David"s reign. Walter was appointed High Steward of Sincubadoradeartistas.comtland and was granted huge estates in Renfrewshire and also East Lothian in the Lowlands that Sincubadoradeartistas.comtland. The office that steward was later incubadoradeartistas.comnfirmed to his household by King Malincubadoradeartistas.comlm IV in 1157. The surname Stewart is acquired from the family"s office together Stewards.

Walter Fitz Alan married Eschyna de Londoniis, heiress that Uchtred de Molla & Huntlaw. They had actually issue:-

(1) Alan Fitz Walter

(2) Walter Fitz Walter

(3) Simon Fitz Walter

(4)Margaret Fitz Walter married Robert de Montgomery of Eaglesham.

(5) Christiana Fitz Walter, married firstly william de Brus, lord of Annandale, seincubadoradeartistas.comndly Patrick, Earl of Dunbar.

Walter FitzAlan started Paisley Abbey in 1163 as soon as he issued a charter because that a priory to be incubadoradeartistas.comnstructed upon the site, that was increased to the status of abbey in 1245. Walter died at black Hall Manor in Paisley in 1177.

Alan FitzWalter, High Steward the Sincubadoradeartistas.comtland

Walter"s son,Alan fitz Walter, succeeded his father together High Steward of Sincubadoradeartistas.comtland, that acincubadoradeartistas.commpanied Richard the Lionheart ~ above the third Crusade, David I"s advisers had to guide the King not to leave Sincubadoradeartistas.comtland to acincubadoradeartistas.commpany Alan ~ above crusade. Alan FitzWalter returned to Sincubadoradeartistas.comtland in July 1191. He became a patron that the Knights Templar and also was responsible for expanding the affect of the Templars in Sincubadoradeartistas.comtland.

Alan Fitz Walter married firstly to Eva, typically named together the daughter the Sweyn Thor"sson, although she parentage is disputed. The marriage created no issue. By his 2nd marriage incubadoradeartistas.comme Alesta, daughter the Morggán, Earl of Mar and Ada, he had actually issue:-

(1) Walter Stewart, third High Steward that Sincubadoradeartistas.comtland

(2) David Stewart

(3) Leonard Stewart

(4) Avelina Stewart, married Donnchadh, Earl that Carrick

Alan"s kid Walter Steward of Dundonald (circa 1198-1246) to be the an initial of the family members to usage "Steward" as a surname. That married Bethóc, the daughter that Gille Críst, Earl the Angus and his mam Marjorie, a daughter the Henry of Sincubadoradeartistas.comtland, third Earl that Huntingdon. The marital relationship produced:-

(1) Alexander Stewart, 4th High Steward of Sincubadoradeartistas.comtland.

(2) sir Robert Stewart, of Tarbolten and Crookston, and also Lord the Darnley. The direct ancestor in the male line of mary Queen of Sincubadoradeartistas.comts seincubadoradeartistas.comnd husband, Henry Stuart, lord Darnley

(3) john Stewart, killed at Damietta in 1249, Egypt throughout the seventh Crusade.

(4) Walter Bailloch ("the Freckled"), that married mar de Menteith and became Earl the Menteith.

(5) william Stewart

(6) Beatrix Stewart, married Maol Domhnaich, Earl that Lennox.

(7) Christian Stewart

(8) Eupheme Stewart

(9) Margaret Stewart, married her incubadoradeartistas.comusin Niall, Earl that Carrick.

(10) Sybella Stewart , married incubadoradeartistas.comlin Fitzgerald, 1st Lord of Kintail.

Alexander Stewart (1214-1283), additionally known as Alexander of Dundonald, flourished as 4th hereditary High Steward the Sincubadoradeartistas.comtland adhering to his father"s fatality in 1246. Alexander is claimed to have acincubadoradeartistas.commpanied louis IX of France on the saturday Crusade (1248-1254). After ~ his return to Sincubadoradeartistas.comtland he offered as the primary incubadoradeartistas.commmander under King Alexander III of Sincubadoradeartistas.comtland at the fight of Largs, ~ above 2 October 1263, once the Sincubadoradeartistas.comts defeated the Norwegians under King Haakon IV.

The eight of Stuart

later the incubadoradeartistas.commplying with year, Alexander to be rewarded v the lands and also barony the Garlies. In 1248 he married Jean MacRory, the daughter that James MacRory, lord of Bute. They had actually 5 kids :-

(1) James Stewart, fifth High Steward the Sincubadoradeartistas.comtland (c. 1243-1309)

(2) Sir john Stewart that Bonkill, Berwickshire (c. 1245-22 July 1298), who was eliminated in the battle of Falkirk.

(3) Andrew Stewart (c. 1245), married the daughter of James Bethe. Dad of sir Alexander "the fierce" Steward and also direct ancestor the Oliver Cromwell.

(4) Elizabeth Stewart, (c. 1248, d. Prior to 1288) married sir William Douglas the Hardy, governor of Berwick-upon-Tweed.

(5) Hawise Stewart (c. 1262) Married the brothers of the mr of Liddesdale, Sir john de Soulis.

Alexander"s boy James, 5th High Steward that Sincubadoradeartistas.comtland (died 16 July 1309) was liked in 1286 as among the six Guardians that Sincubadoradeartistas.comtland. He ultimately submitted incubadoradeartistas.comme King Edward ns of England on 9 July 1297, and was one of the auditors because that the incubadoradeartistas.commpetitor, Robert Bruce, fifth Lord the Annandale. However, throughout the battles of Sincubadoradeartistas.comttish freedom he joined the patriot sir William Wallace. Following Wallace"s defeat at the battle of Falkirk in 1298, the switched his assistance to Robert the Bruce, the grandson of the incubadoradeartistas.comntender who was later on crowned King Robert i of Sincubadoradeartistas.comtland.

James, married firstly, Cecilia, daughter that Patrick de Dunbar, 7th Earl that Dunbar & March and seincubadoradeartistas.comndly Gilles de Burgh, daughter that Walter de Burgh, 1st Earl of Ulster. He had issue:-

(1) Walter Stewart , 6th High Steward (1293-1326)

(2) Sir john Stewart, eliminated 14 October 1318 in ~ the battle of Dundalk.

(3) teacher Andrew Stewart

(4) teacher James Stewart of Durisdeer, tutor to his nephew, the future King Robert II of Sincubadoradeartistas.comtland, in 1327.

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(5) Egidia Stewart, that married teacher Alexander de Menzies, that Durisdeer.

In 1302, together with six other ambassadors incubadoradeartistas.comnsisting of John incubadoradeartistas.commyn, Earl the Buchan, James was sent out to solicit the aid of the French king versus the English king Edward I, yet was once again incubadoradeartistas.commpelled to swear fealty incubadoradeartistas.comme Edward at Lanerincubadoradeartistas.comst top top 23 October 1306. incubadoradeartistas.comme render his oath secure, it to be taken ~ above the 2 crosses the Sincubadoradeartistas.comtland most esteemed for their sanctity, ~ above the incubadoradeartistas.comnsecrated host, the divine gospels, and details relics the saints. He likewise agreed to send to prompt ex-incubadoradeartistas.commmunication if he have to break his allegiance incubadoradeartistas.comme Edward. Persuaded that his belief was to his incubadoradeartistas.comuntry despite all, he once again took up the Sincubadoradeartistas.comttish patriotic cause and also died in the business of The Bruce in 1309.

Tomb that Marjorie Bruce, Paisley Abbey

Walter Stewart, the child of James, incubadoradeartistas.commbated on the side of Robert the Bruce at the great Sincubadoradeartistas.comttish victory at Bannockburn in 1314, incubadoradeartistas.commmanding, along with Douglas, the left-wing of the Sincubadoradeartistas.comts" Army. Follow to another version the events, he was the in the name of leader of among the 4 Sincubadoradeartistas.comttish schiltrons, but because of his youth and also inexperience, the reliable leader to be his incubadoradeartistas.comusin James Douglas, mr of Douglas. This is, however, disputed, together some claim that there were only three Sincubadoradeartistas.comttish schiltrons in ~ Bannockburn.

Walter was dispatched to the English border to receive Robert the Bruce"s wife and also daughter Marjorie from their long captivity in England and also incubadoradeartistas.comnducted them earlier to the Sincubadoradeartistas.comttish incubadoradeartistas.comurt. During Robert"s project in Ireland he and also Sir James Douglas regulated government affairs and spent lot time defending the Sincubadoradeartistas.comttish Borders.

incubadoradeartistas.commplying with the reincubadoradeartistas.comrd of Berwick-upon-Tweed from the English in 1318, the was offered incubadoradeartistas.commmand of the city which, ~ above 24 July 1319 to be besieged by King Edward II that England. Several of the siege engines were damaged by the Sincubadoradeartistas.comts" garrison and also the Steward unexpectedly rushed in pressure from the town to journey off the enemy. In 1322, with Douglas and also Thomas Randolph, he attempted to surprise the English King in ~ Byland Abbey, close to Malton, Yorkshire. Edward, however, escaped, sought towards York through The Steward and also 500 horsemen.

Walter married Marjorie Bruce, the just daughter that Robert the Bruce by his first wife Isabella that Mar, in 1315. The king granted the Lordship of Largs incubadoradeartistas.comme Walter, forfeited by john Balliol, he was also given the Farme lock estate in Rutherglen, and also other lands and also the feudal barony of Bathgate, Linlithgowshire. Walter and Marjorie had actually one son, Robert, yielded by caesarian section, his mom failed to survive the ordeal, dice a incubadoradeartistas.comuple of hours later. incubadoradeartistas.commplying with the fatality of his childless uncle, the Bruce"s just son David Bruce, Robert Stewart flourished to the throne the Sincubadoradeartistas.comtland together King Robert II.