Ever uncovered yourself questioning “So what specifically is a second cousin?” or debating v your family and also friends around what it means to it is in a “first cousin when removed”? usage our cousin chart to resolve the debate once and also for all!

What Is a Cousin?

Cousins are civilization who re-publishing a usual ancestor the is at the very least 2 generations away, such together a grandparents or great-grandparent. You and also your siblings room not cousins due to the fact that your parental are just 1 generation far from you.

Simple enough, right? but what does it typical to have a secondor third or fourth cousin?


What Is a 2nd Cousin?

The number associated with your cousin needs to do with howmany generations far your common ancestor is. Because that example:

First cousins share a grandparent (2generations)Secondcousins re-superstructure a great-grandparent (3 generations)Third cousins re-publishing a great-great-grandparent(4 generations)Fourth cousins re-superstructure a 3rd-greatgrandparent (5 generations)

Quick Tip: counting how many “greats” are in your typical ancestor’s location and add 1 to discover out what number cousin your loved one is. Note that grandparents have actually no “greats” in their titles, for this reason cousins who share grandparents are an initial cousins because 0 + 1 = 1. However, keep in mind that this trick only works if you room both the same number the generations eliminated from the typical ancestor.

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Sometimes you and your cousin may share a typical ancestor,but you each speak to this ancestor something different. For example, the commonancestor might be your great-grandparent, however your cousin’sgreat-great grandparent.

This is where the phrase “once removed” comes in handy.

What does it mean to be a Cousin “Once Removed”?


To it is in “once removed” from a cousin way you are separated by one generation. The number prior to “removed” will always represent the variety of generations you space separated (“removed”) indigenous the cousin.

If friend look at the cousin chart above, you’ll check out that eachrow is color-coded by generation. You, your siblings, and also your first, second,and 3rd cousins are every one of the exact same generation.

You may have actually noticed the the boxes labeled “cousin when removed” room either from one generation above or below you. You are “once removed” if you space separated by 1 generation and “twice removed” if you space separated by 2 generations, and also so on.

Quick Tip: your parent’s first, second, and third cousins are additionally your first, second, and 3rd cousins—but once removed. This is since your parents and also their generation space 1 above yours. Likewise, your grandparents’ first, second, and 3rd cousins are likewise your first, second, and 3rd cousins, this time twice removed. This pattern continues throughout each generation. So, for example, a an initial cousin once removed is one of two people the son of your an initial cousin or the parental of your 2nd cousin.

Now the you know what to contact your distant cousins, use the chart listed below (click come enlarge) come calculate your cousinship!You can likewise check out these other ways to calculate cousins.

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Note: this cousin naming-conventions are generally used in English-speaking societies and may be various in various other languages and cultures.